Members of DemocracyNet.eu organized an “Apéro Votations” on September 3, 2017, in the frame of the participatory festival La Dérivée. This third event of DemocracyNet.eu at La Dérivée aimed at providing an innovative space for the public to get informed and actively discuss about two issues put to the popular vote of September 24, 2017. “Experts” provided the information; the “Apéro” format provided the relaxed and friendly atmosphere.
The concept of this event emerged from discussions between the two project leaders, Alice el-Wakil and Vasco Gamboni. The original idea, which was to organize a dinner to discuss one or more popular vote issues in a friendly and open-minded atmosphere, developed into the proposal to host a larger-scale Apéro after Ici-La Dérivée contacted DemocracyNet.eu. As such an event has to our knowledge never been organized before in Switzerland, the support and encouragement of La Dérivée convinced us to take this opportunity to make a first experiment of “Apéro Votations” on the topics of the popular vote of September 24, 2017.
The aspects most important to us were the following:
- Explain issues put to the popular vote of September 24, 2017, properly (i.e. with as little bias as possible) so as to enable members of the audience to start building an informed opinion about them
- Make an event as accessible and inclusive as possible
- Provide a way for the audience to become active, and exchange on the issues put to the vote
Two popular vote issues
The two national level issues put to the vote on September 24, 2017, were selected for the discussion:
- The reform of the retirement policy (AV2020) – a complex and highly contested policy package, which actually raised two questions on the ballot, namely: Do you agree to raise the VAT to finance the retirement policy? And do you agree to the reform of the retirement policy 2020?
- The constitutional amendment to secure food safety – a little contested counter-project of the federal authorities to an initiative launched by the Swiss Farmers’ Union
An audience of about 30 people joined the La Dérivée setting for the Apéro Votations at 6 p.m. The event started with a short presentation and overview of the event by the organizers, and with a distribution of snacks to the audience. It then went on in two phases:
Phase 1: Information input
First, we wanted “experts” of the civil society to provide “objective” and accessible inputs from to explain the policy packages put to vote. Two such “experts” kindly accepted our invitation:
Noémie Roten, Scientific collaborator at Avenir Suisse, to present the retirement reform
Francis Egger, Member of the directing Committee of the Union Suisse des Paysans, to present the food safety project
They contributed very well to realizing the objective of this “frontal” explanation moment, which was to provide the audience with information about these policy packages, their origin, the reasons why they were put to the popular vote, their content, their implications, and the main arguments for and against them. Since, due to time constraints, we could only invite one “expert” on each topic, we invited the moderator of the event to play both the role of moderator and contradictor.
Moderator-contradictor: François-Xavier Viallon (HES Yverdon, Sanu Durabilitas)
His task was a complex one, as he had to both moderate the discussion and be able to present other positions or counter-arguments. He managed to put the “expert” inputs into context and to examine and answer them critically in order to try weeding out errors and bias.
Second, we wanted to invite members of the audience to actively ask their questions and discuss about the two issues presented. The entire audience had the possibility to move to smaller groups (following reandomly distributed numbers they had received in the first phase of the event) where moderators would facilitate the discussion.
Small groups moderators :
- Mathias Ortega, Conseil des Jeunes d’Yverdon
- Michael Strebel, PhD researcher, University of Zurich, member of DemocracyNet.eu
- Coraline Wenger, Commission des Jeunes du Canton de Vaud
- Mira Wolf-Bauwens, PhD researcher, University of Zurich, member of DemocracyNet.eu
All members of the audience remained for this open discussion, and appeared eager to ask questions and to continue the discussion. The two “experts” and the moderator-contradictor contributed to these group discussions by answering technical questions and engaging in the discussions.
To close the event before the start of the next event at La Dérivée, we gathered in a small, standing group to reflect on the small group discussions and thank everyone for their participation. Feedback from the participants was very positive.
Support and collaboration
All guests and moderators mentioned above generously accepted to participate to this event on a voluntary basis. Thanks to the support of La Dérivée and of the Municipality of Yverdon-les-Bains, we could reimburse their travel expenses.
In addition, the organizers had the chance to benefit from the help and support of other organizations
- EasyVote.ch, an organization aiming at providing accessible information for young voters on vote issues, generously sent us 20 of their information brochures, which nicely completed the information material we had printed out – the official voters’ guide, several versions of a selection of informative articles (3 for each topic), and the legal texts put to the vote.
- Two youth political organizations helped us advertise the event and some of their members volunteered to help us moderating small discussion groups: The Conseil des jeunes d’Yverdon, which is active in the city of Yverdon-les-Bains, and the Comité des jeunes du Canton de Vaud, which is active at the regional level.
Finally, thank you to all members of the audience who joined us for this Apéro Votations, and encouraged us to organize similar events in the future thanks to their engagement and interest!
See an interview on the entire La Dérivée events series by DemocracyNet.eu with Swissinfo.ch
And here are the reports of our first and second events in La Dérivée